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Primarily India sees the third gender to be those belonging to the hijra community who are prominent in South Asia. However, most sociologists now view this functionalist approach as outdated and sexist, and there is now plenty of scientific evidence to suggest that the wage gap is influenced by deeply ingrained gender biases rather than by choices men and women make about family-work balance. Gender, on the other hand, is a social classification based on one's identity, presentation of self, behavior, and interaction with others. Retrieved 7 June 2020, from https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2019/12/04/784398783/india-just-passed-a-trans-rights-bill-why-are-trans-activists-protesting-it, The Library of Congress. Login . A sociological perspective transcends biological notions of sex and emphasizes the social and cultural bases of gender. At Bellevue College, our Gender Studies Concentration is a cross-disciplinary collaboration of six Departments – Anthropology, Cultural & Ethnic Studies, English, Philosophy, Psychology, and Sociology. Crossman, Ashley. That gender is a social construct becomes especially apparent when one compares how men and women behave across different cultures, and how in some cultures and societies, other genders exist too. Articles analyze gender and gendered processes in interactions, organizations, societies, and global and transnational spaces. Gender studies is an interdisciplinary academic field devoted to analysing gender identity and gendered representation. It then recommends productive directions for future research. developing understandings of gender. This … Gender studies courses may apply recent ideas in feminist theory to issues in literature, art, psychology, sociology, or business. Gender identity shapes how we think about others and ourselves and also influences our behaviors. Differentiating Women’s Studies from Gender Studies, What You Should Know About Gender Dysphoria. “Sociologists on Sociology” is a primer on a discipline that studies many of the major issues confronting American society. However, in the 1970s, the feminist school of thought drew a clear distinction between the two. For many people, this process begins before they are even born, with parents selecting gendered names on the basis of the sex of a fetus, and by decorating the incoming baby's room and selecting its toys and clothes in color-coded and gendered ways that reflect cultural expectations and stereotypes. Gender, on the other hand, is a social classification based on one's identity, presentation of self, behavior, and interaction with others. Thus gender studies encompass many disciplines. These feminist movements are also intersectional of aspects such as class, caste and race, which are factors that can contribute to the oppression. However, a Dalit woman faces a combination of caste as well as gender oppression. A man is expected to be emotionally and physically strong, aggressive, loud and dominant. Shubha Arvind is currently pursuing a degree in Psychology with an Open Minor at FLAME University. Sociologists view gender as learned behavior and a culturally produced identity, and as such, it is a social category. Here the women were the leaders and continued to lead the tribe. Gender as a social construction acts as an organizing principal for all Gender Studies courses offered by faculty throughout the university. Then, from infancy on, we are socialized by family, educators, religious leaders, peer groups, and the wider community, who teach us what is expected from us in terms of appearance and behavior based on whether they code us as a boy or a girl. Studies have shown that children will most likely choose to play with “gender appropriate” toys (or same-gender toys) even when cross-gender toys are available because parents give children positive feedback (in the form of praise, involvement, and physical closeness) for gender normative behavior (Caldera, Huston, and O’Brien 1998). Gender Studies draws on sociological and feminist theories in examining gender inequality at the micro, meso, and macro levels. Charles, M. 2011. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-of-gender-3026282. According to Ann Oakley, who introduced the term to sociology, ‘“Sex” refers to the biological division into male and female; “gender” to the parallel and socially unequal division into femininity and masculinity’ (see Sex, Gender and Society, 1972). Battle India. Introduction. For example, these theorists see wage inequalities as the result of choices women make, assuming they choose family roles that compete with their work roles, which renders them less valuable employees from the managerial standpoint. Media and popular culture play important roles in teaching us gender too. Definition and Examples, Studying Race and Gender with Symbolic Interaction Theory, Sociological Explanations of Deviant Behavior, Units of Analysis as Related to Sociology, Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge, The Major Theoretical Perspectives of Sociology. Person’S capacity for sexual feelings ( concerning women, people of all genders can be applied to a of. Negative, but they rarely communicate accurate information about others and ourselves and also relations..., or business social concept women were the leaders and continued to lead the tribe the ways shape! From a young age however, be observed in some tribes as well as gender oppression inequalities in education,... 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