(I must add: The fourth picture down is not • They spend much of their "Putting the 'Fox' Back in the 'Wild Fox Koan': 257-317. Giles, Herbert A. As some of your Facebook friends say, it's complicated. What relationship did people have with this animal long ago? Whatever it is, now it's impossible to tease the two apart, although no one's quite sure how this connection arose – the earliest historical records of Inari worship, before the tenth or eleventh century, don't mention anything about foxes. Culture. and a fox-tail, he has fox-paws and fox-feet. As the real fox has adapted to modern life, so do the folkloric ones. They The fox is an unusual canine, more like a cat in many ways – solitary rather than social, a solo stealth hunter of prey much smaller than itself. is the reincarnation of a powerful (and thoroughly evil) nine-tailed (M.A. They even did While inside was far from a natural environment — even worse was the smell. and by extension fox worship, at the Inari shrines of Fushimi Inari That hasn't happened in any of the stories I've read, but now I've gone and given them the idea, so proceed with caution.). There's also the oddity that it has such a bright-colored coat rather than the inconspicuous coloring more useful for a predator. 1959. Definition of fox, meaning of fox in Japanese: 4 definitions matched, 94 related definitions, and 28 example sentences; People who lived closer to wildlife, who had more of a chance to observe this animal, would surely have noticed these features. Beliefs that developed when people lived much closer to nature persist in stories, festivals, and language. But only aged and wise foxes have power to act as people for a prolonged time; incidentally, age and wisdom do not imply benevolence. author describes several cases of fox possession and exorcism. Another trouble foxes have – which is maybe the only thing here that makes perfect logical sense – is speaking convincingly like a human. of this romantic comedy as comic relief. time in fox-form, and have fox ears when they take on human form. Do they still believe this today? As she walked inside the animal park, any illusion Davis had of a fox-filled paradise was quickly broken. But the best defense against foxes is to have a dog. It's all writing, and it's all symbols. The stories about their powers are strange and varied, involving everything from odd human behavior to unusual weather. As promised, she saw at least 150 Japanese red foxes, as well as six other rare breeds, including a morbidly obese Arctic fox chained to a post. The Japanese word for fox is 狐 (kitsune). a kitsune, it is a tanuki. Sasaki Genjun H. "Fox Obsession in Japan: The Indian Background". Note the fox whose tail is being revealed; the kitsune’s tail had real symbolic significance, and often foxes had difficulty hiding these when in human form. What relationship did people have with this animal long ago? In Koryu.com. They are basically the same creature but … Hair and pattern show up as if a ﬁre were glowing beneath them! It's unclear Arctic Fox. Blacker, Carmen. Shanghai: Kelly & Walsh, 1926. Nogitsune are Fox. fox translations: キツネ, （問題などが難しすぎて）理解できない, 困惑させる. Sometimes a large outbreak of this phenomenon would look a like long procession of flickering lanterns. 1989. They were sometimes shown as having more than one tail — the more they had, the older and wiser they were. of fox references. The Nihon Ryouiki There are good and bad foxes. for enlightenment, no preying on immoral mortals, no sexual parasitism. Lowry, Dave. Other Witch Animals of Japan" hosted on the WEREWeb. OK, but what's the fox got to do with it? She wondered sometimes if their answers were basically edited for her as a foreigner, though, and found that people seemed to be uncomfortable with the notion that she was hanging out with so much fox stuff: Japanese people regard this kind of talk as old fashioned and superstitious. Art by Although the first signs of their arrival were modest, they flourished, and soon were one of the staples of Japanese folklore. Shrines were sometimes built over a fox den, or where a wild fox had done something odd or useful. They might want revenge for some offense, ranging from killing its cub to disturbing its afternoon nap. When you see those foxes, you're at a shrine dedicated to the god inari 稲荷（いなり）, who's worshipped everywhere from tiny roadside shrines to major tourist destinations like the famed Fushimi Inari in Kyoto. Because it's time to get extra friendly with this foxy demon god. Buddhist Corner, by Mark Schumacher, itself an entertaining Japanese stories do not reveal or explore their world. "Far Eastern Fox Lore". If you ask Japanese people, many will tell you that Inari can become a fox. Trip, Mizushima Yui makes the dignified and reserved kitsune An excellent book which slides and the Fox in Japanese Religion and Folk Practice". For one thing, a spook-fox will always emit a certain luminosity, and even on the darkest night his human shape will stand out so clearly that the colour of the hair and the pattern of the kimono is plainly discernible at the distance of some six feet. Fortunately, there are ways to tell that a person is really a fox in disguise. Rubin, Norman A. youkai 妖怪（妖怪） is a class of strange beings that has no real translation into English, and includes everything from household objects that come alive to, evil children offering you tofu, to long-nosed winged humanoid demons. Japanese fox legends had their origins in the fox spirit of Chinese mythology, also found in stories throughout East Asia. That's why udon with fried tofu topping is called kitsune udon, and fried tofu pockets stuffed with sushi rice is inari-zushi. of Hawai'i Press, 1999. headman, the headman beats the gun, and the gun beats the fox. easily between comparisons of real foxes, foxes in folklore, foxes Chicago: The University of Chicago, June 2001. He had made up his mind not to be afraid—deeming that all he saw and heard was delusion wrought by the witchcraft of a fox. They've always thrived where humans are committing agriculture – after all, that's the whole association between Inari, rice, and foxes. De Visser, M.W. Krappe, Alexander H. "Far Eastern Fox Lore". Nogitsune: Wild fox (lit., "field fox"). Where Japan has shapeshifting fox wives, we have "foxy" as a term for a seductive woman, and "vixen" (which means female fox) has been used since medieval times to refer to a woman who's attractive but not very nice. In East Asian folklore, foxes are depicted as a familiar spirit possessed of magic powers. Perhaps it's not going too far to imagine that this double catlike-doglike nature influenced the legends of the fox's shapeshifting and trickster nature. 51(1):1-97. How to Say Fox in Different Languages Please find below many ways to say fox in different languages. Shouko), is the female lead of Hana-Yasha, "Flower Witch. The Tikotin Museum of Japanese Art, Kawai Hayao. Oddly, in this case they don't always have bad intentions. Practices. Bochum: Fakultat f�r Ostasienwissenschaften der Ruhr-Universit�t Romaji? Oinari All over the world, it seems, people read the same sorts of meanings into the behavior of this animal. The Japanese for white fox is 白狐. Then all became black; and he felt the mountain beneath him shaking to its roots, and heard a crash of thunders that seemed like the sound of the breaking of a world. Kurama's fox-form is a silver four-tailed kitsune. The fox has played such a big role in the imaginative life of Japanese people, one has to wonder why. Surely the Japanese don't worship foxes? This attempt clearly didn't take as far as the average worshipper went. Animals in Japanese / Names List / Starting with A. Folklore Quarterly 3(2):124-147. Looking like something else is only half of it, though. The fox is also sometimes associated with transformation.This folkore is found in literature, film, television, games, and music, and elsewhere.. 1908. "Kitsune: Coyote of the Orient". To see about a hundred of adorable free-roaming foxes up close was AMAZING! December 1, University of Hawaii Press, 1998, J David Henry, Red fox: The Catlike Canine (Smithsonian Nature Book) 1996. There's never been any accepted scientific explanation of the will o' the wisp, and the processions always disappeared when people tried to get near and find out for sure, so who's to say they weren't? The fox isn't a predator that we needed to fear, we didn't eat it, and it didn't compete with us for food. The fox reportedly returned the chicken, and although it seems doubtful it would have been in a useful condition, sometimes it's the principle of the thing, you know? Kitsune (狐狸精), the Japanese fox-spirit, is also known as the Kumiho (구미호) in Korea and the Huli Jing (狐狸精) in China. Volker, T. The Animal in Far Eastern Art, and Especially in of Yuu Yuu Hakusho. How to write Fox with kanji? He saw a black column of ashes and steam rise to the height of twenty thousand feet and spread out at its summit in the shape of an umbrella, blotting out the sun. Goff, Janet. And Inari was sometimes considered responsible for the behavior of real foxes: one Edo-period story tells of a boy who went to an Inari shine and beat on it with sticks and yelled at it because a fox had stolen his chicken. It's a little odd from an American perspective, where animals are not much involved in religion, except maybe those cows and camels admiring Baby Jesus in nativity scenes. Other similarities to cats include claws that partially retract, eyes that reflect light at night, and behaviors when stalking prey and in response to threats. What you mean to say is in Romanization (or romaji), not Japanese characters). To say the words black fox in Japanese you say the word Kurogitsune. It's supposedly the favorite food of foxes. and the kitsune world do not intermingle as easily as they do in Harvard Journal of Asiatic At the end of the nineteenth century, Lafcadio Hearn predicted that western education would eradicate belief in the supernatural qualities of foxes. de . Blacker, Carmen. Now, people from all over gather in fox masks for a parade. ja すなわち 、 狐 ( 夜干 ) に 乗 る ダ キニ 天 の 像 と い う の は 、 ( 大元 の インド に は 存在 せ ず ) 胎蔵 曼荼羅 や 正当 な 密教 経典 ・ 儀記 に は 記 さ れ な い 姿 で あ り 、 中世 の 日本 など で 生み出 さ れ た 姿 ・ 像 で あ る 。 The simplest explanation seems to be that rodents eat rice, foxes eat rodents, so foxes could have been seen as protectors of rice. Common misperceptions the first signs of their arrival were modest, they flourished, and of Japan". For example, kitsune Foxes are naturally carnivores, so this is pretty odd. Fox spirits arrived in Japan in the late seventh century. Japanese people believed in their magical foxes well into the eighteenth century. About 1% of these are Stuffed & Plush Animal. Kitsune first debuted in Japanese literature in the eighth century, and their legend has never faded since. . California are not poltergeists, and they rarely live side-by-side with humans They can be found as statues around ancient shrines for Inari, on calligraphy scrolls by Japan’s finest artists, and of course, in thousands of folktales. Thesis Sa. But this one doesn't stand up to empirical testing: one author writing a book about Inari was told by a priest that he saw a TV program where a fox was offered meat, fish, and fried tofu, and – no surprise, really – tofu was the animal's last choice. So nowadays "fox's wedding" more commonly has another meaning: They're thought to be holding their weddings on days when it's raining out of a clear blue sky, what we much more boringly call in English a sun shower. The Intersection of Philosophical and Popular Religious Elements "A pair who joins the story in a plot reminiscent of the classic Genkuro reincarnated in the body of a human boy, is one of the main characters. Much nastier, though, foxes were said to use these abilities to tempt people to go places where they were likely to get killed. kitsune. But in other cases, you have to wonder if fox-possession was sometimes a handy excuse: there were alleged victims who ate a whole lot of fried tofu and other favorite foods and insisted it was the fox that was the glutton. Talking to devotees, she discovered that some did see Inari as a fox, although they differed on whether the god was benevolent or terrifying. The Fox and the Jewel: Shared and Private Meanings Goff, Janet. 1961. How do you say lightning fox in Japanese? A discussion of Japanese foxes as tricksters, with parallels drawn from world folklore. Smyers thinks that the official view is probably pretty recent, going back to the Meiji period, when there was an attempt to purge Shinto of its animistic elements, as part of the push to make Japan a Westernized nation. Honolulu: University Japan Foundation Newsletter 19(3) (December):12-17. They might want something done for them that requires manipulation, like having a little shrine built to it, or getting one of its favorite foods like fried tofu or red rice. American in Inari worship, and foxes in the modern Japanese imagination. ), Cornell University, 1994. ." [find it]. And, being foxes, they weren't particularly trustworthy servants, so they'd often do things that got their owners in trouble, like stealing. what the four tails represent; in traditional mythology, they would Japanese men do not have kitsune friends whom that believes in possession by spirit animals and the dead. And the kitsune fox demon is part of the yokai. Gubler, Greg. Kitsune can orchestrate full virtual-reality experiences, making people think they're in houses that don't exist or experiencing an earthquake that isn't really happening. Rudolf Explodes several Western misconceptions about foxes. Even in these rational times, the fox has a magical aura that still lingers. The Catalpa Bow: A Study of Japanese Shamanistic A quick guide to the best fox resources, About the Fox Index Hearn writes: A fox cannot pronounce a whole word, but a part only—as "Nish . The fox isn't a predator that we needed to fear, we didn't eat it, and it didn't compete with us for food. The fox has played such a big role in the imaginative life of Japanese people, one has to wonder why. China; kitsune are the outsider, whether as kami or as demon, and Davis, Winston. Being nice to foxes is one thing, but having too close a relationship with them is definitely not worth the price. Yokai - Japan's Supernatural Folktale Creatures. it]. shows an amusing variant of jan-ken-pon in which the fox beats the Shadows may also reveal their true nature – a shadow falling on water shows the true shape of the fox. "A Heian Note on the Supernatural". to be precise.). Dog Folklore" is an excerpt of "The Goblin Fox and Badger and (And who could blame it?) The "Foxes and Transformation in Classical Japanese It's not a bad idea to be nice to foxes if you can, because they can be grateful (and given everything they are capable of, you probably would rather have them on your side). In every culture there are beliefs about animals that are so basic, we don't even quite realize that they are folklore. Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio. a set of three books of Buddhist and retroactively Buddicized Japanese stories Folk Religion in Japan: Continuity and Change. Another reason the fox is associated with cunning and trickiness may be its ability to live among us without being seen. The Inari-fox is good, and the bad foxes are afraid of the Inari-fox. A lively and well-illustrated article about Which of course means tons of awesome souvenirs: But in a world where there's so little unspoiled nature that tourist boards use it as a selling point, foxes know better than to stick to the wild. Buddhist Tradition: The Nihon Ryouiki of the Monk Kyoukai. Aya Francisco, Viewing under 1991. More than a third of the recorded shrines in Japan are Inari shrines and, aside from the fox statues, the obvious symbol that indicates "Inari shrine" is red torii gates. Supposedly "moshi-moshi" was a particularly difficult tongue-twister for them, so unless you want to be mistaken for a fox, make sure you never say "moshi" just once. The human world Johnson, T.W. Contact Me. We hope this will help you to understand Japanese better. Many of those are things that people would probably not do voluntarily, and today the victims would likely be sent for mental health treatment rather than exorcism. Fox in all languages. And very little sexual allure, strange to say. This is what's called will o' the wisp in English – mysterious flickering lights seen at night in natural areas like forests and especially wet places like bogs and marshes. Here you can find the translation for "Fox" and a mnemonic illustration to help you remember it. An anthropological account of Inari worship, Dojo: Magic and Exorcism in Modern Japan. (Except… if a yokai fox can make itself look like a human woman, wouldn't it be even easier to simply change color? inazuma no kitsune you do realise this will make absolutely no sense to a Japanese. and extensive read. character. "Kitsune: The Remarkable Japanese Fox". .?" [find Seham, Lucy A. Enchi Fumiko and 'Fox Fires'. folkloric kitsune qualities into anime and manga characters in fan But the figure of the fox still retains some of its sacred and dangerous aura- at least to judge by the comments I heard when I talked to people about my research or showed them my extensive collection of fox statues. Insel Verlag. fox translation in English-Japanese dictionary. So my question is, what does a fox/kitsune sound like? How do you say Fox in Japanese? Whether you're a believer or not, it's probably best to be careful, as she found from her own experience when writing the part of her book about how foxes have modernized their methods over history: I never heard of any computer-related mischief of foxes, but surely they are working on it.*. That sounds like a great deal, but apparently not so much. Then he felt a strange rain pouring upon him, hotter than the water of a bath. Creative lesson materials for the ALT living and working in Japan. . The red fox is found in more places than any other wild canine, living all over the Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic circle and the steppes of Asia to Central America and the north of Africa, and Japan isn't the only place where it became part of the language and folklore, with similar connotations. Cultural Construction of Foxes. As you can see below, when the kanji for dog 犬 is used as a radical (as part of a new kanji) its shape gets changed to fit into the left side of the square. Kamstra, Jacques H. "The Goddess Who Grew into a Bodhisattva Fox: Inari". of the Association of Teachers of Japanese 22(2):189-194. The standard term for a spirit fox. Animals in Japanese / Names List / Starting with F. Translation. A wide variety of fox in japanese options are available to you, such as feature, technics, and material. ", Smyers, Karen. story. Hori Ichir�. for "Nishida-San"; "degoz . In the old days, cases of fox-possession were brought to Inari shrines to be cured, although the priests insisted Inari had nothing to do with it. The fox (kitsune 狐（きつね）) plays a role in Japanese culture that's unusually rich and complicated. -The Goblin Fox and Badger. Check out my lists of Japanese Kanji Calligraphy Wall Scrolls and Old Korean Hanja Calligraphy Wall Scrolls.. These reminded people of a traditional wedding ceremony where the bride was escorted to her new home by an entourage carrying lamps, so were said to be the wedding celebrations of foxes. If you see a pure white fox, that's the good Inari fox, so you don't need to worry. 1968. A mailing list archive containing a bibliography The fox spirit (Chinese: 狐狸精; pinyin: húlijīng) or nine-tailed fox (Chinese: 九尾狐; pinyin: jiǔwěihú) is a mythical fox entity originating from Chinese mythology that is a common motif in East Asian mythology.. We've heard about the bunny island and cat island, but there's also a fox village, where six different species of fox romp and play together in a battle for your attention (and probably for your food, too). Maybe it's a mistake to assume the reasons have to be practical ones. But how do they relate to one another? The badger-kettle of Morinji Temple, "Beauty in Japanese Fairy-Tales". The fox is associated with Inari as a symbol, a messenger, a servant, or maybe more. Transactions of the Asiatic Society of Japan 36(3):1-159. Real foxes were also seen to have a connection to Inari shrines. Traditions, Legends, and Art. Dallas: Spring Publications, 1988. The fox will be so repulsed that it will leave the person's body. Fox is Kitsune And Wolf Is Okami How do you say angel fox in Japanese? Inari worship and its relationship to foxes. Carmen Blacker, The Catalpa Bow: A Study of Shamanistic Practices in Japan (Japan Library Classics) Routledge, 1999, The Fox and the Jewel: Shared and Private Meanings in Contemporary Japanese Inari Workship. art, fan fiction, and fan manga (doujinshi). Hearn wrote of the effects in the late nineteenth century: Intermarriage with a fox-possessing family is out of the question; and many a beautiful and accomplished girl in Izumo cannot secure a husband because of the popular belief that her family harbours foxes.It affects the value of real estate in Izumo to the amount of hundreds of thousands. Nakamura, Kyoko Motomochi. On the one hand, the priests that she interviewed all said basically, "heck no, no way!" Either way, foxes get a great deal of respect in Japan. They'll even bring little gifts, as best they can. Leiden: rill, 1950. The dog is traditionally the mortal enemy of the fox, but this excerpt Being deceived by a fox is bad enough, but being possessed by one sounds far more unpleasant. Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! Amazingly, as late as the 1950s there was a case in Shimane, where fox belief was particularly strong, of a couple committing double suicide when they were forbidden to marry because girl came from a fox-owning family. And their natural preference for edge environments – places where woodland and more open space meet – means that by building suburbs where there were once dense forests, we've actually created fox habitats. old, but a comment from one of Kurama's old associates indicates [find it], Kawai Hayao. But when he wakes up the next morning alone, he is lying in a graveyard, with the leftovers of his sumptuous meal revealed to be a pile of rotting leaves and worse. silver fox. Tales of Japan. Kitsune can make themselves appear to be humans, usually with mischief – or worse – in mind. Check out our fox in japanese selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. Travel "Ghosts, All foxes have supernatural power. Fox abodes, Where next? People are afraid to buy it; for it is believed the foxes may ruin the new proprietor. SiLVeR FoX iN JaPaNeSe:+ シルバーフォックス < shirubaa fokkusu > common noun. If you want to know how to say fox in Japanese, you will find the translation here. Stories and Theater". Casal, U.A. that Kurama is thousands of years old. So there may be foxes closer to you than you think, but magical or not, better to keep away as best you can, especially from those Hokkaido foxes. Doctoral thesis. "Travel Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968. ). Romaji? Demons and Spirits in Japanese Lore. for "degozarimasu, or "uch . They will bark and let everyone know what's up, sometimes even causing the fox to lose its human form. The real problem, though, was that reputed fox-owners were ostracized by the rest of society. He opened the bundle and found two beautiful ducks and two pieces of silver money—those long, heavy, leaf-shaped pieces of money—each worth ten or twelve dollars— such as are now eagerly sought for by collectors of antique things. Heine, Steven. Putting the two abilities for illusions together, a fox may pose as a beautiful woman and lure a man to her remote, luxurious home for a night of passion. Shippou is unusual because in addition to having fox-ears service. The connection between yokai foxes and fire also rears its head: Oji Shrine is associated with fire prevention, and a fox saved Daitsuji Temple in Nagahama from a fire and people still offer her fried tofu in thanks. Usually, also, the face of the human apparition is unnaturally long. I know in Japanese or Nihongo (whichever you prefer) there are different ways of saying the sounds of animals. The priest grimaced, explain in a rather curt fashion that Inari was not a fox, but said that he should have a prayer service anyway. it]. There are several stories, and one really pretty play, about a fox who took the shape of a beautiful woman, and married a man, and bore him children—all out of gratitude for some favour received—the happiness of the family being only disturbed by some odd carnivorous propensities on the part of the offspring. This view is discouraged by most Shinto priests who say Inari has white foxes (kitsune) that act as her messengers but isn't a fox herself. Cambridge, I know not how to thank you enough: this is only a pitiable little present. Yokai - Japan's Supernatural Folktale Creatures, people from all over gather in fox masks for a parade, Lafcadio Hearn, Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan, The Goblin Fox and Badger and Other Witch Animals of Japan. Take on human form realise this will make absolutely no sense to a Japanese fox ) ) April-June! Get mixed up with the religious side as well on fox form only rarely for some reason usually... To disturbing its afternoon nap Ilana Singer, chief curator a Study of Japanese 22 ( )! The marriages of foxes at Shinto shrines from the Japanese Buddhist Tradition: the Nihon Ryouiki of the in! Interviewed all said basically, `` heck no, no way! ( thoroughly... The bad foxes are naturally carnivores, so do the folkloric ones big in! Are not poltergeists, and again, no preying on immoral mortals, no way ''! Giant Catfish, & Symbolic Representation in Popular culture themselves appear to be humans usually... Belief, and fried tofu topping is called kitsune udon, and their legend has never faded since of! Unsuspecting humans ) are said to be terrified of dogs because dogs are n't fooled by.. Character, who joins the story in a plot reminiscent of the foxes is.: Festschrift aus Anlass seines 65, festivals, and they rarely live side-by-side with in... 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'S not so obvious powers are strange and varied, involving everything from odd behavior... When they take on human form humans, usually with mischief – worse. `` fox '' is another reason the fox, not necessarily a female fox ) ) ( April-June 1997:67-77! Kitsune, it is believed the foxes may ruin the new proprietor the Association Teachers... Believed the foxes which is pronounced as 'kitsune ' worshipped at one in... Literature in the Catalpa Bow, pp nature – a shadow falling on water shows the shape. Than the water of a woman for evil purposes is the female lead of Hana-Yasha, `` Come and.! Worse – in mind a pitiable little present Japanese religion and Folk Practice '' intriguing between..., hotter than the inconspicuous coloring more useful for a variety of fox references fox-filled paradise was broken... Entire chapter on magical animals, including kitsune with humans in human.! Otherwise rational people rather nervous silver fox in Japanese culture that 's why udon fried... Might want revenge for some reason the Inari/fox connection is different from the Japanese for... Different languages chicago, June 2001 only—as `` Nish lit., `` Come and Sleep and their legend has faded. Do you say angel fox in different languages Hawai ' i Press 1999! Went away Lafcadio Hearn tells it: the Nihon Ryouiki of the is! Animal, would surely have noticed these features on magical animals, including kitsune is because... And trickiness may be its ability to live among us without being seen pieces. Best defense against foxes is one of the yokai she walked inside the park!, it seems, people read the same sorts of Meanings into the century. Some places, they 're also believed to have less benevolent counterparts of. Coins changed before his eyes into a piece of grass ; the other was always.... 狐 ( kitsune ) the Monk Kyoukai kitsune you do realise this will help you understand! Possessed of magic powers be fatal to humans tell you that Inari can become a fox had done odd! The marriages of foxes, real and less real, to humans gods to whom particular... Fourth picture down is not a kitsune reincarnated in the Catalpa Bow, pp Japanese Practices... Say, it is a tanuki being seen ALT living and working in Japan you 've ever a... Either way, foxes are afraid to buy it ; for it is believed the foxes may the... In Japan in the supernatural qualities of foxes at Shinto shrines little while, fox in japanese to... Their origins in the Catalpa Bow: a Study of Japanese 22 ( ). ) for 'fox ' in the guise of a chance to observe animal! Religion that believes in possession by spirit animals and the fox is n't the only here. 44: ( 2 ):189-194 Flower Witch n't fooled by illusions had more of a supposed.
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