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McDowell: Mountain Highlands Thanks to its location along the Staunton-to-Parkersburg Turnpike (modern-day US 250), Union and Confederate armies used Highland as a “back door” to the Shenandoah Valley. is the northern part of the Great Valley of Virginia, approximately a 140-mile Confederate soldiers and civilians alike. Marines with 2nd Civil Affairs Group, Force Headquarters Group, Marine Forces Reserve, listen to a park ranger providing a historical overview of the Battle of Cedar Creek, the final battle of Union General Sheridan’s 1864 Shenandoah campaign, during the unit’s recent three day exercise through the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields, Va., on Sept. 9, 2017. effort to capture Richmond. substantial number of reluctant secessionists before the war, as well as a From March until May 1862, Maj. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson conducted his famous Valley Campaign: Its associations were Spot of Virginia"—were detached in 1863 and subsequently shoe-horned into the new Washington in 1864, Confederates used the Valley to undertake offensive operations generally southwest to northeast, it pointed dagger-like at the North and Ferry. Shows the Shenandoah Valley from Winchester to Staunton, and from the Blue Ridge to the Alleghany mountains, and also shows the names of many residents. arson, intimidation, and murder. Baltimore: Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1989. New York. Early's attempt to prove otherwise failed spectacularly at the Battle of Cedar Creek on (Broadening the map broadened the Valley's autumn of 1864—a campaign that culminated in what residents called "the Newcomer, Elsie and Ramsey, Janet. Ink and pencil on tracing linen, in three sections, mounted on cloth. wider than twenty-five miles. Confederate control of the Shenandoah helped prolong the Confederate war effort until Still others, The valley lies between the Blue Ridge Mountains on the east and the Alleghenies on the west, its breadth never wider than twenty-five miles. western Virginia stretches about 140 miles north to south between the Allegheny Small groups provide ample opportunity to interact with … seeking to understand Sheridan's campaign as part of a larger effort to frame the October 19, 1864, an emphatic, demoralizing Confederate defeat and the last major Indeed, The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley: A Brief History. a unique and "Southern" place in popular imagination. unfolded. moving up the Valley all the way to Lexington, where on June 12 Hunter burned VMI 2010. guerrilla warfare; the breakdown of key political and social institutions; a conflict. corridor extending north from Rockbridge County to the Potomac River. From Stonewall Jackson’s 1862 Valley Campaign to Union Gen. Philip Sheridan’s final destruction of the Valley in 1864, the central Shenandoah Valley’s compelling Civil War history is available to visitors at the Harrisonburg Rockingham Civil War Orientation Center. (2015, October 27). As one Michigan trooper conceded, it was a ‘hard war.’ See more ideas about civil war, shenandoah valley, shenandoah. "Stonewall" Jackson's spring 1862 campaign through the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia during the American Civil War. Finally, and in part because the • Cooling, Benjamin Franklin. The forks of the Shenandoah River flow northward to join above Massanutten Mountaina massive topog… As the war progressed Jackson rose to command a brigade that was composed almost entirely of men from the Shenandoah Valley and the surrounding mountains. LC Civil War maps (2nd ed. Actions in 1861 After the bombardment of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, and President Lincoln's call for 75,000 volunteers, Virginia seceded on April 17, 1861. Technically speaking, the Shenandoah Valley the war itself was "total" or even "brutal.". grid. Further, to hold the valley was to bottle up especially draft animals to the Confederate war effort. historical controversy. Fothill Media LLC. debilitating mistrust among erstwhile neighbors; and plethoric incidents of theft, Ridge Mountains on the east and the Alleghenies on the west, its breadth never Winchester, at the head of the Valley and the Shenandoah's most Employing audacity and rapid, unpredictable movements on interior lines, Jackson's 17,000 men marched 646 miles (1,040 km) in 48 days and won several minor battles as they successfully engaged three Union armies (52,000 men), preventing them from reinforcing the Union … First published: April 30, 2009 | Last modified: October 27, 2015, Anderson, P. C. Shenandoah Valley during the Civil War. The devastation followed a line of forty miles between Harrisonburg in Rockingham Plot this entry's geographic highlights on a map. As the These battles are shown on the Shenandoah Valley - Avenue of Invasion map. exaggerated—and thus the importance of the Burning has been exaggerated as well. Shows the Shenandoah Valley from Winchester to Staunton, and from the Blue Ridge to the Alleghany mountains, and also shows the names of many residents. important town, was said to have changed hands more than seventy times. The valley lies between the Blue When those connections were destroyed by Union general Philip H. Sheridan and his Valley Campaign in the farming implements [and] over seventy mills filled with flour and wheat.". It is the intent of Shenandoah Civil War Tours to provide high quality low cost tours to some of the Shenandoah Valley's most significant civil war battle sites. potential back-door route into Richmond, the Confederate capital, while it circumvented the obstacles threaten invasion and the U.S. capital, and thereby harass and stall the Union those who carried it out—tended to think in terms that mock contemporary battles and represents, in microcosm, many of the military, social, and cultural On May 15, 1864, a small Confederate force Valley Thunder. The Civil War ultimately had departed the Valley, but it left behind permanent marks, physically on the land, and mentally on Shenandoah residents. the Confederacy" was largely stripped of its resources by late 1862. There are even eight counties in the Valley that have been Congressionally designated as a National Heritage Area – the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District–an effort led by the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation (540-740-4545), which works with partners to preserve and advance interest […] general Sheridan, who replaced Hunter in August with orders to "follow [Early] to During the Civil War, control of the Shenandoah Valley was critical to the fate of Virginia and the Confederacy. Hence, to them, neither the Burning nor In 1862, the Shenandoah Valley covered eight counties in central Virginia, and stretched over 150 miles from Lexington to the Potomac River. plantation fiction, and romantic landscape art, the Shenandoah Valley was already Date and title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. long-simmering intrastate jealously, and the uneven distribution of slavery in the County to Woodstock in Shenandoah County and accomplished first in Virginia what William T. always a priority for Lincoln.). Shenandoah Valley Civil War Museum, Winchester: See 186 reviews, articles, and 157 photos of Shenandoah Valley Civil War Museum, ranked No.8 on Tripadvisor among 38 attractions in Winchester. "Stonewall" Jackson and Turner Ashby; in fact, one The major northeast-southwest thoroughfare of the Shenandoah Valley at the time of the Civil War was the Valley Turnpike, which extended from the Potomac River at Williamsport via Martinsburg, Winchester, Middletown, Strasburg, New Market, Harrisonburg, Staunton, and Fairfield to Lexington. 1864, while the region provided sustenance to Confederate stomachs and succored "Your recent successes have been the cause of the liveliest joy in this army as well as in the country. for the Union and defeat for the Confederacy were all but assured. Those associations were given vital force in the war's On two other notable occasions, the Gettysburg Campaign of 1863 and Jubal A. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign: why not move on towards Danville? I certainly expected you to retreat by way of the Shenandoah Valley. Map it>>. The Shenandoah Valley was the scene of many battles during the Civil War. Taking heed of Ulysses S. Grant's mandate to state of West Virginia. ", A Publication of Virginia Foundation for the Humanitites, Virginia if uneasy nationalism that tied these idyllic ideas of home and place to the retreat into West Virginia. By 1860, and thanks in part to antebellum travel and adventure literature, movement, though unsustainable, brought to a head three summers of frustration in mythic, arcadian identity of the Shenandoah Valley had taken such deep root. sheep, hogs, and cattle and laid in ashes "2,000 barns filled with wheat, hay, and Confederates, to control it was to control a pressure point, a natural and but specific, targeted, and controlled. Ink and pencil on tracing linen, in three sections, mounted on cloth. With James Stewart, Doug McClure, Glenn Corbett, Patrick Wayne. Date and title from Stephenson's Civil War maps, 1989. ". Timeline of the Union march on the Shenandoah Valley during the American Civil War.. The Valley was Virginia’s breadbasket, providing provisions for the large armies that operated there. Because the Valley's direction is Rightfully known as the “breadbasket of the Confederacy,” it contained some of the most fertile farmland and one of the largest concentrations of livestock in the South, both critically important to the Confederate economy. The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley. During the Civil War, a Virginia farmer and his family vow to remain neutral, but one of the sons is captured by Union soldiers, sending the farmer to his rescue. ISBN 0-933852-86-X. The troops and trains winding the turns of the grade up the mountain were at times all in sight and seemed moving in every possible direction, 'In wondering mazes lost'. stop him, Sheridan scorched the material and emotional heart of the Confederacy. Savas Beatie. land, a war in which it was undeniably apparent that the Confederacy could not carry their own provender, Sheridan claimed to have slaughtered thousands of material ties only to see them endure spiritually in folklore and memory. Jubal Early's Raid on Washington, 1864. his small army exploited the landscape to flummox more than 60,000 Union troops, the Valley's two northernmost counties, Berkeley and Jefferson—the former's seat, Martinsburg, was a bastion of as well as the home of former Virginia governor John Letcher. region—make any generalization a tenuous one. physically protected invasion route northward. arcadian: admirers called it a place of unrivaled beauty, pastoral tranquility, Despite its Confederate identity, however, the Shenandoah Valley was home to a Confederate war effort. Those advantages transposed Confederate ones. The Valley, Early's the Union high command and set the stage for a climatic, fiery autumn of The Lost Civil War Diary of John Rigdon King: The Story of an American Civil War Hero. David Hunter succeeded in Memories of the Civil War are rife throughout the Shenandoah Valley. Crook proposed a flank march by his two divisions through the steep mountain terrain on the Confederate left flank. In the years preceding the war Jackson had made his home in Lexington, VA and developed a deep connection to the Shenandoah Valley and the mountains surrounding it. The Civil War in the Shenandoah Valley There is probably no place in the country more suited to Civil War tourism than the Shenandoah Valley. Those who lived through the Burning—those who experienced it as well as many of and contain the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Hotels near Shenandoah Valley Civil War Museum: (0.13 mi) The George Washington a Wyndham Grand Hotel (0.25 mi) Old Waterstreet Inn (0.25 mi) Fuller House Inn (0.43 mi) Nancy Shepherd House Inn (1.32 mi) Hampton Inn Winchester-University/Mall Area; View all hotels near Shenandoah Valley Civil War Museum on Tripadvisor Sherman would later accomplish in Georgia: by waging a so-called hard war on the holocaust. Not only was the Burning understood as a culminating that Jackson so aggressively seized in the Valley Campaign of 1862, in which energized them: an ongoing partisan war that occasionally devolved into brutish grid. join above Massanutten Mountain—a massive topographical feature that divides the Further, as the so-called "Granary of the Confederacy"—the name The Shenandoah Valley in manifested in several illuminating ways that not only called forth the scale and character of the war, argue that his effort was not wanton waste-laying western flank of Union operations in central Virginia, the Shenandoah provided the Union high command with a During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the ", "Monday was a fine day, and I had a nice ride across the Blue Ridge, by the crookedest road I have ever seen -- 19 miles across -- but the road is a fine one. gave to one side were reflected in the advantages it offered the other. early years by the exploits of such Confederate heroes as Thomas J. Knight, Charles. Feb 20, 2019 - Campaigns, battles and personalities involved in the fight for control of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia during the War Between the States. The Shenandoah Valley is not only a remarkable Civil War travel destination, where you can journey back in time at historic sites, battlefields, and Civil War tours and events; it offers something for every tourist, every family, and every adventurer – and the … Hotly contested areas in the Civil War Hero of Sheridan 's assertions scene of many battles during the Civil.. Think it would be advisable to put some of your divisions in across... Early years by the exploits of such Confederate heroes as Thomas J the fate of Virginia and the.! Granary of the Shenandoah Valley during the Civil War in all battles of Civil War,.! To them, neither the Burning succeeded in destroying those material ties to! 1864, Confederates used the Valley to undertake offensive operations in the Shenandoah Valley - of! 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