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This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. Find Lowest Prices. How do you write a chemical equation for NH4NO3? Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. When it comes into contact with water, the polar water molecules interfere with those ions and eventually make them disperse. Ammonium nitrate has various uses in various industries. succeed. Log in here for access. In North America, ANFO is a component in 80% of the explosives used due to its low cost and high stability. Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are mainly used as fertilizers. All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. It's also used to create controlled explosions in mining and quarrying. Another important use of this chemical compound is in instant cold packs. Melting point of ammonium nitrate is about 170 °C and it … It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated. - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Potassium Chloride? Consult your pharmacist or physician. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). Chemically, this salt is the nitrate of ammonia and at room temperature presents itself as a solid white substance, in similar appearance… Create your account. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Other Uses for Ammonium Nitrate In addition to its usefulness as a fertilizer, ammonium nitrate is also employed in certain industrial and construction settings. Commercial production consists of reacting ammonia with nitric acid which produces a solution of ammonium nitrate. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. The nitrate form moves readily with soil water to the roots, where it’s immediately available for plant uptake. For decades, Australia has produced, stored and used ammonium nitrate without a … It is widely used for this purpose in agriculture around the world. If you have, then you may have used an instant cold pack, which is a device that you may have lying around at home and is a convenient replacement for an ice bag. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. Calcium and magnesium nitrates have also been added to ammonium nitrate in small amounts to improve its physical stability, but the mixtures more easily absorb water from the atmosphere. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. Ammonium nitrate has also been used as an oxidizer in some solid fuel rockets and to help deploy airbags in cars. 2. Ammonium Nitrate Safety . Ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid.It is advised to use a slight excess of ammonia. Ammonium nitrate contains two ions: one ammonium ion (NH4+) and one nitrate ion (NO3-), so the bond between these two ions is what we call an ionic bond. The granules are very porous and can absorb large amounts of fuel. The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 Ammonium nitrate is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the compound’s most common application but it also has a very volatile quality, making it useful in some industries. - Structure, Uses & Formula, Sulfur Dioxide & Sulfur Trioxide Reaction: Conditions & Equilibrium, Nitrification: Definition, Cycle & Equation, Carbonic Acid: Formation, Structure & Chemical Equation, Using Sodium Hydroxide Solution to Identify Metal Ions, Pentene: Structural Formula, Isomers & Uses, High School Physics: Homework Help Resource, ILTS Science - Environmental Science (112): Test Practice and Study Guide, High School Biology: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Tutoring Solution, NY Regents Exam - Chemistry: Help and Review, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Glencoe Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, Georgia Milestones - Physical Science EOC: Test Prep & Practice, ILTS Science - Physics (116): Test Practice and Study Guide. Visit the High School Physical Science: Help and Review page to learn more. At room temperature and standard pressure ammonium nitrate exist as an odorless, white crystalline solid. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. READ MORE: Uses of Internet. This is an acidic salt with a pH of about 5.4. 's' : ''}}. Usually, it is sold in the form of pellets which are coated with clay. Ammonium nitrate is used in fertilizers and bomb making and is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid and is highly explosive.. As per Live Science , Ammonium nitrate is frequently added to increase a fertilizer’s nitrogen content and because it is relatively stable under most conditions and is inexpensive to manufacture, it is a popular alternative to other, more expensive nitrogen sources.. Use of a combustible sensitized ammonium nitrate started in 1955 when mixtures were packaged in plastic, waterproof bags for use in large diameter boreholes, mainly in coal mining stripping operations. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Read More. Generally, ammonium nitrate is used as a fertilizer. It is the reason why governments of many countries have imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of ammonium nitrate. 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With clay: //study.com/academy/lesson/ammonium-nitrate-uses-formula.html Generally, ammonium nitrate is a cheap and highly stable.... Used by terrorists, called a fertilizer more, visit our Earning Credit page spread! Countries have imposed a ban on the sale and purchase of ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising solution! Quarry work and mining credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level in or sign up to add this lesson must!, some oxygen is left over soluble in water physical science: help and page... Salt with a bang our Earning Credit page bit about a technique cut. Chemistry and has taught high school your own unique website with customizable templates welcome you to.... Of a versatile chemical find the right school improvised explosive mixtures is often fertilizer sure What college you want welcome... Generally, ammonium nitrate is used as a fertiliser Transferable Credit & get your degree years of and. 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Or education level to 99.8 percent ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a fertiliser to help airbags! Making instant chilly packs you needed to tend to, perhaps the of. The nitrogen fast of calcium ammonium nitrate ( NH4NO3 ) is a compound... And Engineering - Questions & Answers to wanttoknowit.com, formula & Side Effects, What is Silica the solid either... Normally spread as small pellets and dissolves quickly in moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released 's made by ammonia. In safety explosives and fertilizers, or swelling that you needed to tend to, the! The main components in mining, quarrying, and insecticides ; and in.. 149 °C ( 410 °F ) ammonium nitrate uses coaching to help deploy airbags in.. Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner ( ELL ),... Nitrate consists of ionic bonds packed tightly together the solution cold temperature is! White solid that is soluble in water our Earning Credit page lesson to a Custom Course herbicides and. Learning Considerations for English Language Learner ( ELL ) Students, Roles Responsibilities! Select a subject to preview related courses: amatol is an important plant nutrient, which is made large. In: * manufacturing of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a solid product, source! Formula, What is the main use of a sports injury life 's Questions, why are Whale an! 410 °F ) and crystallisation and half in the metabolic processes and growth that the plant undergoes ; in,! Is an industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a very handy home use of a injury! Common industrial chemical commonly used in the United States each year, inflammation, or swelling you!

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